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Les débats publics sont ouverts pour les zones de Fécamp, Courseulles-sur-Mer, Saint Brieuc, Saint Nazaire. Venez nombreux défendre votre territoire, votre patrimoine, votre pouvoir d'achat !



La France devenue la honte des Alliés

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Avec l'officialisation de l'appel d'offres éolien offshore et la sélection de la zone dite de "Courseulles-sur-Mer", nos amis Britanniques et Canadiens n'en finissent pas de rager ! Et pour cause, il est question d'y implanter 100 éoliennes sur une zone qui servit à nos alliés de base arrière pour nous libérer de l'oppression nazi.

Sarkozy, Borloo puis Besson et Kosciusko-Morizet ont ignoré la protestation montante de nos amis Australiens, Canadiens, Anglais et Américains.

Aujourd'hui, ce vent de protestation prend une tournure plus médiatique. Les journaux d'outre atlantique prennent faits et causes pour les anciens vétérans indignés que l'on puisse saccager ce lieu de mémoire pour qu'une poignée d'industrielles puissent se gaver d'argent public.

Sarkozy est directement mis en cause pour sacrilège envers les forces alliées.

Un vétéran de la prestigieuse Royal Air Force a résumé la situation ainsi :

"Nous allons bombarder ces éoliennes" 

Ci-dessous des articles canadiens et britanniques.

Edmonton CTV News

20 Juillet 2011

D-Day vets angry over plans for Juno Beach wind farm

Canadian veteran Leo Goulet stands before a memorial during ceremonies to honour Metis veterans of WWII, at Juno Beach Centre, near Caen, Normandy, France, Wednesday, Nov. 11, 2009. (AP / David Vincent)

The Canadian Press

TORONTO — A French plan to install towering wind turbines within sight of a beach where thousands of Canadians fought a bloody battle launching the Allied invasion of Nazi-occupied Europe is raising the ire of some veterans.

"I think it's a disgusting affair," said Jack Martin, who was among the Canadians who stormed Juno Beach during the D-Day landings of 1944.

"I saw so many of my buddies and friends die on Juno Beach that I figure it is very hallowed grounds."

Martin was a company quartermaster-sergeant with the Queen's Own Rifles during the assault and later ran tours to the beach where 359 Canadians were killed.

The French government announced last week that it was receiving tenders for over 1,000 wind turbines off the country's northwestern coast, including at Courseulles-sur-mer, where Juno Beach is located. The entire project is eventually predicted to power more than 4.5 million homes.

The numbers don't sway 87-year-old Martin. He said the turbines might take away from the sombre historical significance of the site.

"We were the only regiment without tank support and yet we penetrated further inland than any other unit in the whole D-Day assault," he said. "It's very important that people know what the Canadians had to go through to make it a historical site."

Retired major Roy E. Eddy agrees, saying it's important for Canadians to keep the memory of Juno Beach alive.

"I'd like to forget about it, but I don't want to," said the veteran, who was 20 when he lost many friends on the beach. "None of us slept for about 72 hours, the noise and the sound was just earth shattering."

The 86-year-old said he's not against wind farms, but doesn't want to see them constructed opposite an area where so many Canadians died.

Veterans Affairs Canada says it "understands and shares" the concerns of those who fought for freedom.

"We wouldn't see it appropriate to develop on the actual site where the battle of Juno occurred," said a spokeswoman for Veterans Affairs Minister Steven Blaney.

But while voices in Canada have lashed out against the French plan, the Juno Beach Centre at the famous site itself has decided to accept the French government's proposal.

"We see absolutely no impact other than the visual one, and we're prepared to live with it," said director Don Cooper.

The centre was approached by French locals looking to oppose the project but after consultation with its board, which includes veterans, decided not to stand in way of the plan which will see turbines developed some 10 kilometres offshore.

"In a perfect world one might say we'd prefer not to have it, but I think it's something that goes with what happens in the environment today," said Cooper. "To me it's no different than a freighter going by in the channel."

Yet that visual change to the landscape is exactly what historian Rudyard Griffith points to when explaining why some might have a strong reaction against the turbine plan.

"We are changing forever the visual landscape of a globally significant Canadian site," said the co-founder of the former Dominion Institute.

"To be able to walk those beaches, and see them and imagine them as if it was 1944 is, in some ways, essential to keeping that historical memory alive, and in turn that memory shapes and forms our identity today."

Griffith points out that the historical site is not just the beach, but also the waters beyond which brought Allied troops to the shore of Nazi-occupied France. Having turbines constructed so close to where so many fought would be a jarring image at a site preserved to remind visitors of the sacrifices made.

"The coast of Normandy is vast, you'd think they could have the ability to station the windmills at other places along the coast that provide their needs for clean energy but don't mar the visual landscape of Juno beach."

The European Platform Against Windfarms is among those disapproving of the project.

"It's not offshore, it's along the coast, it's only 10 kilometres from the D-Day beach," chairman Jean-Louis Butre, said in an interview from Paris. "People are really upset about what's going on, so upset that we received comments from everywhere."

The organization -- a collective of 483 groups -- has recorded more that 2,300 signatures for an online petition decrying the project, which includes comments from Canadians.

Butre said in addition to being plainly visible during the day, the flashing lights of the turbines would create a "discotheque" effect around the D-Day beaches at night. Among the complaints he's received he even mentions a call from a retired Royal Air Force pilot.

"They say 'we are going to bomb those wind turbines,"' he said with a chuckle.

Daily Mail

18 Juillet 2011

'Attack on memory of Allied troops': Sarkozy under fire after approving massive wind farm off D-Day beaches

Attacked: Nicolas Sarkozy has been accused of 'sacrilege' towards Allied forcesPremier says yes to plans just seven miles off Normandy coast
Project will include 100 turbines more than 525ft high

Nicolas Sarkozy has come in for heavy criticism after approving plans for a large wind farm complex off the D-Day coast where Allied troops launched their World War Two assault in 1944.

The French President was accused of a 'grave attack on the collective memory' of Allied forces after giving the go-ahead for the plans on the Calvados coast near the Normandy landing beaches.

The proposed project will see more than 100 turbines more than 525ft high erected just seven miles from the beaches, synonymous with the D-Day landings.

Mr Sarkozy's decision to open the bidding process on the €20 billion (£17.5 billion) project has been branded 'sacrilegious' by critics, including British veterans' families.

It was claimed the windmills' flashing lights would ruin poignant night remembrances on Juno and Omaha beaches by giving off a 'disco' effect.

Juno was the target of 3rd Canadian Infantry Division supported by British Royal Marine Commandos.

It is less than 20 miles from the coastline codenamed Omaha Beach in 1944, where U.S. forces suffered more than 2,000 casualties during the operation.

War zones: The areas of French coast codenamed Omaha and Juno - the U.S. and Canadian landing zones respectively - and the proposed offshore wind farm area

The aim of the project is to create 1,200 windfarms off the French Atlantic seaboard by the year 2020.

France remains behind other European countries, included Britain, in the use of sea turbine energy, and plans are in place to narrow the gap and lessen the French reliance on nuclear power.

One of the five projects in the first batch of tenders is off Courseulles-sur-Mer, nearest to Juno Beach, on which 2,500 Allied soldiers died on D-Day.

Construction is due to begin on the wind farms in 2015, but Mr Sarkozy faces tough opposition as over 4,000 people from 50 countries have signed an online petition against the plan.

Historic scene: Omaha Beach secured after D-Day in 1944. More than 2,000 U.S. soldiers died in the landings here

Quiet reflection: A D-Day veteran on Juno Beach on the 60th anniversary of the landings

Gérard Lecornu, president of the Port Winston Churchill Association of Arromanches, told the Daily Telegraph: 'They will be visible from all the Normandy landing beaches: Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno and Sword.

'Three million tourists come from the world over to the landing beaches. The first thing they do is look at the line of horizon from where the landings came.

'D-Day is in our collective memory. To touch this is a very grave attack on that memory.'

Blight: How the view from the beachhead at Normandy might look if the plan for an offshore wind farm goes ahead

Resistance: British veterans gathering in Normandy for the annual D-Day memorial are among those opposed to plans to erect a wind farm offshore from the landings site

Last month a campaign was launched on the 67th anniversary of D-Day to prevent the French government 'desecrating' the beaches with the wind farm.

David Churchcroft, a former infantryman who stormed ashore with the British 2nd Army on June 6th 1944, said: 'It will change the entire seascape, destroying a view which evokes memories of the most astonishing invasion in military history.

'This is sacred ground, and the French should not be allowed to alter its character.'

Daily Mail

28 Juillet 2011

D for Desecration: A giant off-shore windfarm's being built overlooking the D-Day beaches where Allied troops died liberating Europe. How can this be right?

By Robert Hardman

Even after numerous visits, in all weathers and at all times of year, it never fails to move me — to make me pause for reflection.

Whether it’s the vast remnants of the Mulberry defences sprouting from the Channel at Arromanches or the stirring emptiness of Omaha Beach, this stretch of the Normandy coast — between the ports of Cherbourg and Le Havre — is, to my mind, hallowed ground.

Of all the battlefields of northern Europe, this is, arguably, the most important of them all.

Normandy Beach June 6 1944: Of all the battlefields of northern Europe, this is, arguably, the most important of them all, says Robert Hardman

It lacks the shocking senselessness of the Western Front, of the Menin Gate in Ypres, the Thiepval Memorial at the Somme and all those heartbreaking Great War cemeteries in between.

It did not mark a resounding finale to  an entire epoch of war like the Battle  of Waterloo.

And it must sound pretty rum to a veteran of Dunkirk or the Battle of Britain, or anywhere else for that matter, to make any distinction between any actions in what was, simply, a heroic fight for national survival.

Nonetheless, D-Day remains, I believe, the single most audacious, brilliant and pivotal moment in the history of modern democracy. It was the day when the free world gambled everything on a surprise punch in the face of totalitarianism. And it worked.

Under plans approved this month, a steel plantation of 100 wind turbines is to be plonked offshore in the very area where the Allied landcraft gathered for their murderous run-in to the shore

It is why D-Day — unlike any other anniversary — continues to bring the world leaders together in homage to what was achieved on June 6, 1944. For the 50th anniversary it was Messrs Clinton, Major and Mitterrand, not to mention Jean Chretien, prime minister of gallant Canada (whose troops actually advanced farther than anyone else on D-Day).

For the 60th, it was Bush, Blair and Chirac, for the 65th, Obama, Brown and Sarkozy. The sight of thousands of old boys marching past their Queen on the sands of Arromanches in 1994 will remain a lifelong memory for anyone who was there.

It certainly will for me.

And that is why I feel profoundly uneasy about plans to add a new feature to this historic coastline — a colossal wind farm.

Under plans approved by President Sarkozy only this month, a steel plantation of 100 wind turbines is to be plonked offshore in the very area where the Allied landcraft gathered for their murderous run-in to the shore.

It will be around seven miles out, we are told, but clearly visible and closest to Juno Beach, the six-mile front which was liberated by the Canadians with help from our own  Royal Marines.

It will also be visible from all the other Allied landing zones along this coast — Gold, Sword, Utah and, of course, bloody Omaha Beach.

Needless to say, it has infuriated locals and veterans alike. ‘A disgusting affair,’ was the verdict of Canadian veteran Jack Martin, a visitor to the Juno Beach memorial. ‘I saw so many buddies die on Juno Beach that I figure it is very hallowed ground.’

Farther along the coast at Arromanches, which has become a focal point for British veterans, there is plenty of local opposition.

Hervé Texier, who runs a local environmental group called FED (Federation Environnement Durable), is deeply sceptical of government claims that the project will have little impact.

‘When local officials tell us that the wind turbines will not be any more visible than pin heads, and that they will even bring tourism to the area, then you know the situation is serious,’ he says.

‘How is it that you won’t be able to see 100 machines almost 200 metres high, with blades which rotate in the sun and which will reflect on  the water?’

The turbines will be around seven miles out but clearly visible and closest to Juno Beach, pictured, the six-mile front which was liberated by the Canadians with help from our own Royal Marines

Some members of the Lower Normandy regional council have now resurrected a campaign to get the D-Day beaches classified as a Unesco world heritage site, a move which would force the wind turbines elsewhere.

This is a corner of France which suffered terribly in the Allied invasion, but which remains eternally grateful to the liberators.

Gérard Lecornu, president of the Port Winston Churchill Association of Arromanches, wants nothing to detract from the iconic remnants of the Mulberry Harbour — an entire IKEA-style port which was towed across the Channel and assembled under enemy fire. Without it, the Normandy landings would almost certainly have failed.

‘We can see Le Havre perfectly in front of us, and that’s 52 kilometres [32 miles] away,’ says Lecornu, pointing out that the wind turbines will ruin the view.

‘As for the remains of the Mulberry Harbour built by the Allies, they are 18 metres high and situated just two kilometres from the coast, and we can see them perfectly, even in heavy seas.

‘At stake is the industrialisation of our coastline, and the possible loss of millions of visitors every year.’

Even as the rain was bucketing down on Arromanches this week, you could see miles out to sea. Hundreds of visitors stared out into the distance, some using binoculars or special telescopes set along the coastline by the local council.

The turbines will also be visible from all the other Allied landing zones along this coast ¿ Gold, Sword, Utah and, of course, bloody Omaha Beach - pictured

‘It’s certainly a view which is timeless,’ says Charles Hodge, a 52-year-old American from Norfolk, Virginia, who is on holiday with his wife and three young children.

‘I’ve been here a few times in the past and the atmosphere never changes. Sticking a wind farm out in the sea nearby would be a terrible thing to do — it would alter the entire character of the place.’

It must be said that there are veterans who are not bothered about the plans or who believe they have no right to tell  the French where to put their wind farms. Of course, it is easy to become over-sentimental about an area which was smashed to pieces less than 70 years ago and much of which is a newly-built industrial area.

The area around Pegasus Bridge, the famous canal crossing captured by the glider-borne men of the Ox and Bucks, is full of commercial estates.

But the Normandy invasion beaches are a very special bit of Europe. They are unquestionably French territory but, in a sense, many nations have a stake in them.

And that is why this eco-development sends out an important message. If modish environmental dogma takes priority over our most important heritage sites, then a precedent has been set.

Omaha Beach today. The move to build wind turbines has infuriated locals and war veterans

These wind turbines could have been moved to another part of this breezy coast — the French government has plans for some 1,200 of them along its Atlantic and Channel seaboard — but ministers and officials have made it clear that eco-development trumps history.

So do not be surprised if, in the years ahead, we see gentle incursions into more and more previously sacred spots.

It will become that much easier, say, to pave over trenches and build an ‘eco-town’ on the Somme.

And if France can do that, what’s to stop, say, the Belgians planting wind turbines alongside the poppies in Flanders fields?

In Britain, canny landowners and exploiters of the lucrative grants system for all things green will be feeling a little more cocksure this week.

After all, if you can plonk a thicket of heavily subsidised pylons next to the greatest battlefield in modern history — all in the name of saving  the planet, of course — what’s to stop you covering your  own backyard?

But some of these old boys are not going down without a fight. Arromanches resident and wind farm opponent Jean-Louis Butré is pleased to report plenty of fighting talk.

‘I even had one RAF pilot say that he was prepared to bomb the windmills if they went ahead with the plan,’ he says. ‘I think he was joking.’

Financial Times

1 Aout 2011

Operation Dynamo triggers Overlord beaches furore

By Pilita Clark, Environment Correspondent

For more than 60 years, anyone standing on France’s D-day landing beaches has been able to stare out to sea and imagine the bloody launch of the Allied invasion of Nazi-occupied Europe.

So when the French government recently confirmed plans to install an array of towering wind turbines in the sea off the Normandy coast, some war veterans were appalled.

“We’ve had calls from Canada, England, the US, saying ‘France cannot do this’,” said Jean-Louis Butré, Paris-based chairman of the European Platform Against Windfarms. “They are upset.”

For Mr Butré, who cheerfully calls himself “the nightmare of the wind turbine industry”, the French project offers fresh ammunition in a battle over wind power that is now facing a new phase of intensity.

Opposition to wind farms is not new in Europe, long the world wind leader with 43 per cent of global generating capacity.

Arguments about the turbines’ threat to passing birds, bats, planes and fish – not to mention human eardrums and scenic views – are well known.

But they are likely to intensify as the European Union strives to meet ambitious renewable energy targets, and countries such as Germany move to phase out nuclear power and double renewable sources of energy.

The 84 gigawatts of installed wind-generating capacity in the EU comes from 70,488 onshore wind turbines, mostly in Germany and Spain, and another 1,132 offshore turbines, according to a European Wind Energy Association report published on Monday.

By 2020, that 84 gW would nearly triple to 230 gW under one scenario in the report.

That does not mean the number of turbines would triple: newer, more advanced models can pump out more power than many existing machines.

But it does suggest thousands more turbines will be built every year. And though it might be less contentious if they were built at sea (away from D-day beaches), financial realities mean most will be on land.

As EWEA chief executive, Christian Kjaer, explains, the costs of building offshore farms and connecting them to the electricity grid makes them 70 to 80 per cent per kilowatt hour more expensive than onshore ones.

Those costs should come down but until they do, onshore developers will continue to grapple with opposition groups and what analyst Eduardo Tabbush of Bloomberg New Energy Finance says is a “notoriously cumbersome” planning process in some countries, especially the UK and France.

“A lot of developers have pretty much given up on onshore wind and decided to focus on offshore in the UK,” he says.

Planning delays in the UK are now “intolerable”, according to RWE Innogy, the renewable energy division of Germany’s RWE utility group, which is still trying to build a relatively small 10-turbine wind farm in Essex after a five-year battle that has gone to the High Court.

Smaller UK developers, such as REG Windpower, have been to court trying to put up just one turbine.

“There does seem to be a hardcore element prepared to go further than people were prepared to go five years ago,” said Fraser McLachlan, chief executive of the GCube renewable energy underwriter.

The number of applications for onshore wind farms in England and Wales last year was the lowest in at least five years, according to figures obtained under freedom of information laws by the Scottish commercial law firm McGrigors.

And the number of onshore projects being refused planning permission has jumped from 29 per cent in 2005 to 48 per cent in 2010.

France has also seen a recent drop-off in permits, says Nicolas Wolff, president of the French Wind Energy Association.

“It’s a real concern,” he said. “About five years ago the anti-wind groups said they wouldn’t accept wind farms onshore. Now the same groups say they’re also against offshore wind farms.”

It’s a problem because they are extremely influential; they do slow down the process.”

Mr Wolff says it already takes about four years to get a wind farm installed in France from the early development stages, double the time required in other European countries.

About 1,000 megawatts of wind power capacity has been installed each year in France for the past three years, he said, but he worries about whether that rate can continue.

And if it cannot, the chances of Europe meeting its renewable energy targets grow more difficult.

BBC, diffusion Grande Bretagne et USA :

Le 4 Aout 2011

French wind farm faces opposition from D-Day veterans
By Christian Fraser Marketplace Morning Report

Listen to this Story

A massive wind farm off the coast of France is facing opposition by groups trying to preserve the historical D-Day invasion site

STEVE CHIOTKAIS: Federal authorities are trying to get to the bottom of at least six deaths of golden eagles in southern California. The focus is on a major wind farm project operated by the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power. Now wind energy advocates worry the deaths could lead to prosecution, or at least very bad publicity. In France, a massive wind farm is facing opposition of a different sort. That project is planned for the coast of Normandy, visited every year by thousands of World War II veterans and their families.
The BBC's Christian Fraser reports from Paris.

CHRISTIAN FRASER: President Sarkozy earlier this year announced plans to create 6,000 megawatts of new offshore wind energy by 2020 - enough electricity to supply more than 3.5 million homes.
What he failed to mention at the time was that some of these giant wind turbines would be sunk into the sea off the D-Day beaches of Normandy.
Opponents have started an online petition to stop it and already they have over 5,000 signatures from 48 countries.

Jean-Louis Butre, from the federation for a sustainable environment, says the decision is sacrilegious. He hopes they can stop it otherwise they'll take it to court...

JEAN-LOUIS BUTRE: I got a phone call from England from a Royal Airforce group captain. He was very upset and he said you know if they build those turbines I will come back and bomb those turbines.
Aside from the controversy it has already created - siting the windmills will be a challenge in itself. The approaching sea bed is littered with unexploded munitions.
In Paris, I'm the BBC's Christian Fraser for Marketplace.

Reportage audio :

La menace éolienne

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